Question: How Old Is Ile Ife?

What is the king from Ife holding?

He wears the traditional regalia of a king, a beaded crown and necklaces, and holds in his hands a scepter and a medicine horn, the symbols of his power and authority..

Who is the king of Ife?

Oba Adeyeye Enitan OgunwusiOba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi, Ojaja II, is a Nigerian monarch. He is the 51st and current traditional ruler, or Ooni, of the Yoruba kingdom of Ile-Ife.

How many countries speak Yoruba?

An estimated 20+ million people speak Yorùbá as their first language in south western Nigeria and more in the Republics of Benin and Togo. Yorùbá is also spoken by diaspora communities of traders in Cote d’Ivore, Ghana, Senegal and the Gambia, and it used to be a vibrant language in Freetown, Sierra Leone.

How many Orishas are there?

Yoruba tradition often says that there are 400 + 1 Òrìṣà, which is associated with a sacred number. Other sources suggest that the number is “as many as you can think of, plus one more – an innumerable number.” Different oral traditions refer to 400, 700, or 1,440 orisha.

Who founded Ife?

OduduwaAgainst this background of creativity and craftsmanship, the Yoruba kingdoms of Benin and Ife sprang up between the 11th and 12th centuries. In Yoruba mythology, Ife was founded by a senior deity Oduduwa, acting on the order of the supreme deity Olorun (also known as Oludmare).

Where were most of the Ife heads found?

NigeriaThe Bronze Head from Ife, or Ife Head, is one of eighteen copper alloy sculptures that were unearthed in 1938 at Ife in Nigeria, the religious and former royal centre of the Yoruba people….Bronze Head from IfeMaterial”Bronze”, actually brassSize35 cm highCreatedc.1300 ADPresent locationBritish Museum, London2 more rows

How Ile Ife was created?

Ife is about 218 kilometers northeast of Lagos with a population of 509,813. According to the traditions of the Yoruba religion, Ife was founded by the order of the Supreme God Olodumare by Obatala. It then fell into the hands of his sibling Oduduwa, which created enmity between the two.

How old is Yoruba?

The people who lived in Yorubaland, at least by the seventh century BC, were not initially known as the Yoruba, although they shared a common ethnicity and language group. The historical Yoruba develop in situ, out of earlier (Mesolithic) Volta-Niger populations, by the 1st millennium BC.

Four of the major coastal tribes of Western Africa: the Yoruba, Igbo, Akan and the Gaa-Adangbe are dissimilar at a glance and evidently geographic neighbours, but very closely related, when examined at the genetic level.

Who was the first king of Ile Ife?

OduduwaIle-Ife is the cradle of civilisation for millions of people all over the world. That title is not a joking matter.” As descendants of Oduduwa, the first king of Ile-Ife who is believed to have been a demi-God who descended from heaven to create the earth, the Oonis are considered sacred.

When was Ife discovered?

In 1910 the German anthropologist Leo Frobenius visited the Nigerian city of Ife and brought several ancient terracotta heads back to Germany. He claimed a Greek colony in Africa produced the incredibly naturalistic sculpture he discovered (Willett 1967: 14).

Who is the first Oba in Nigeria?

EwekaThe king sent his son Prince Oranmiyan to restore peace to the Edo kingdom. Oranmiyan chose his son Eweka to be the first Oba of Benin. Eweka was the first in a long line of Obas, who reached the peak of their power in the 1500s.

Why is Ile Ife the spiritual headquarter of Yoruba land?

Yoruba people see Ife as a place where the founding deities Oduduwa and Obatala began the creation of the world, as directed by the paramount deity Olodumare. Obàtálá created the first humans out of clay, while Odùduwà became the first divine king of the Yoruba.

Is Edo Yoruba or Igbo?

Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory — Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi.

What does Ashe mean in Yoruba?

Ase or ashe (from Yoruba àṣẹ) is a West African philosophical concept through which the Yoruba of Nigeria conceive the power to make things happen and produce change.